Kia Ora! I’m Ilana Sowter, an Acupuncturist on North Shore Auckland.
What Is Chinese Medicine?
Acupuncture: The insertion of fine needles into Acupoints on the body.
Acupressure: Manual pressure applied to Acupoints instead of needles.
Tai Chi: Exercise as art for the Body, Mind and Soul.
Gua Sha: Spooning or scraping the skin to bring toxins to the skin surface.
Chinese Herbal Medicine: Chinese Herbs prescribed to restore balance.
Cupping: Suction cups applied to the skin to move stagnant Blood, energy or Qi.
Bleeding: Micro-bleeding particular Acupoints to move deep stagnation .
Moxibustion: Application of heated mugwort (herb) near skin to warm Meridians.
I Ching: An ancient Divination Art pioneered by Confucianism.
Tui Na: “Pinch and pull” is the literal translation; a form of massage therapy.
Dietary Therapy: A complete system of dietetics and eating for best health.
Acupuncture is the most famous and renowned discipline of Chinese Medicine.
What Is Acupuncture?
How does Acupuncture Work?
What Is Acupuncture Used For?
Cold and Flu: Cough, Sore throat, Hayfever & Sinusitis.
Period Pain: (Dysmenorrhoea)
IVF & Natural Fertility Support; Dr. Ilana has been doing this for a decade!
Pregnancy; Acupuncture supports a mother to have a healthy baby.
Post-Partum: A very important time to have nourishment and support.
- Women’s Health
Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia & PTSD
All Types of Pain: Acute to Chronic.
Beauty and Cosmetic; Improving Skin Tone and Circulation.
Wellbeing, Stress, Chronic & AutoImmune Diseases
Post-Surgery; Reducing Pain, Swelling and Increasing Healing.
Is Acupuncture Safe?
Acupuncture has a good record of safety with little side effects. Ensure that your practitioner is an Acupuncturist and has studied the full degree. Some practitioners have done a short course in Acupuncture. This is not the same as having years of study, training and experience of the discipline.
The few side effects and complications associated with Acupuncture treatment are;
- a drop of blood at the site
- sharp pain that is usually eased with massage
- bruising or haematoma (bruising)
- pneumothorax (lung puncture), the first sign of this is shortness of breath
Major adverse events are rare and associate with poorly trained and unlicensed Acupuncturists. The New Zealand Medical Journal advocates this.
Hence, experienced, qualified and licensed Acupuncturists adminster safe Acupuncture treatment.
How Do I know My Acupuncturist Is Good?
- have studied a proper degree or advanced diploma in Acupuncture
- have any extra studies in related disciplines or Masters level
- have been practising for some time
- have joined a New Zealand Acupuncture association such as NZASA, Acupuncture NZ or NZICM.
How To Study Acupuncture In Auckland
In New Zealand, there are two main courses offered to study Acupuncture. I recommend you have a course of Acupuncture or Chinese Herbal Medicine treatment. There are plenty of good Acupuncturists in Auckland to try. Then decide whether it’s for you, before dedicating years of your life to it. You can have a successful career as an Acupuncturist. You must be a good practitioner, be passionate and be willing to work hard as at your small business. You must be able to run your own business and practice the art of Chinese Medicine well to practise. There is the New Zealand College of Chinese Medicine (NZCCM) in Auckland. The New Zealand School of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine (NZSATCM) is another. NZSATCM has schools in Auckland and Wellington.
The Language of Chinese Medicine
Chinese Medicine lingo can be quite challenging to understand. It refers to terms which used medically such as Liver, Blood and Spleen. Throughout this article I explain what the specific Chinese Medicine terms signify. For example I refer to Organs such as the Liver. I refer to the “Liver Energy” as an energetic entity. Chinese Medicine depicts each energetic entity has specific functions and associations. The medical “Liver” is completely different to the Chinese Medicine “Liver Energy“. Thus I refer to Chinese Medicine “Organ Energies” as “Liver Energy” etc.
Chinese Medicine Theory
Yin and Yang are the foundations of Chinese Medicine Theory.
Yin & Yang
Yin and Yang is the duality of opposites which combine to form one. To make whole. In Chinese, yin means “shady side” and yang translates as “sunny side”. Yin and Yang are forever interchanging to maintain balance. Yin is dark, slow, heavy and deep. Yang is light, fast, bright and superficial.
There are three main Functional Entities in Chinese Medicine Theory.
The Three Functional Entities
- The Five Vital Substances: Qi (vital force), Xue (blood), Jin Ye (body fluids), Jing (essence) and Shen (spirit).
- The Zang Fu Organs: that keep the body in functional harmony and control the vital substances. The Zang Fu Organs follow a Wu Xing (Five Element) Cycle. The Zang Fu Organs collectively refer to the Yin & Solid Organs and Yang & Hollow Organs of the body.
- Jing-Luo: The Five Vital Substances flow through the Jing-Lou (Meridians). They flow to the corresponding Zang Fu Organs.
These Three Functional Entities perform the Five Cardinal Functions. The Five Cardinal Functions maintain the complete health and existence of the body.
The Five Cardinal Functions
What are the Zang Fu (Organ Systems) in Chinese Medicine?
The Jing-Luo Meridian System integrates all aspects and functions of the body. It connects it as one holistic, functional energetic being. There are 12 paired Organ Systems in Chinese Medicine. Chinese Medicine theorises that Qi exists in the body. The Organs exist as an energetic entity. The Jing-Lou (Meridians) link every aspect of the body to the “Organ Energies“. Chinese Medicine considers all aspects of life. It associates how functions relate to a particular organ energy. These associations and classifications are in the diagram below.
Acupuncture Channels and Meridians
Jing-Luo, Meridian and Channel are all closely related and inter-changeable terms.
The first main Meridians to consider are the Eight Extraordinary Meridians. These do not associate with the Organs. They are independent and have specific functions within the body such as
- They store the precious substances (Qi and Blood) for the Twelve Main Channels. They fill and empty as the body requires.
- The Eight Extraordinary Meridians circulate Jing. Jing is essence, a most precious and anti-ageing substance. It is what we inherit from our genetics and what maintains our youth and wellbeing. The Eight Extraordinary Meridians circulate Jing around the body. Hence, these Meridians are closely tied to the Kidney Energy.
- These Meridians circulate the Wei Qi (Defensive Qi). Wei Qi governs the surface of the body to maintain immunity and good health.
- The Eight Extraordinary Meridians provide deeper connections between the Twelve Main Channels. These subtle, deep connections allows the body to function.
The Eight Extraordinary Meridians
- Ren Mai – Conception Channel
- Du Mai – Governing Channel
- Chong Mai – Penetrating Channel
- Dai Mai – Girdle/Belt Channel
- Yin Wei Mai – Yin Linking Channel
- Yang Wei Mai – Yang Linking Channel
- Yin Qiao Mai – Yin Heel Channel
- Yang Qiao Mai – Yang Heel Channel
The Twelve Main Channels
There are Twelve Main Channels which connect and pair with major organ energies. A Yin & Solid Organ Channel (e.g. Lung) will connect with a Yang & Hollow Organ Channel (e.g. Large Intestine):
- Lung Tai Yin connects with the Large Intestine Yang Ming
- Spleen Tai Yin connects with the Stomach Yang Ming
- Heart Shao Yin connects with Small Intestine Tai Yang
- Kidney Shao Yin connects with Bladder Tai Yang
- Pericardium Jue Yin connects with the San Jiao Shao Yang
- Liver Jue Yin connects with Gall Bladder Shao Yang
Notice other correspondences between these channels;
- Lung Tai Yin corresponds to Spleen Tai Yin
- Large Intestine Yang Ming corresponds to Stomach Yang Ming
- Heart Shao Yin corresponds to Kidney Shao Yin
- Bladder Tai Yang corresponds to Small Intestine Tai Yang
- Pericardium Jue Yin corresponds with Liver Jue Yin
- Gall Bladder Shao Yang corresponds to Bladder Shao Yang
What Is Qi?
Science and Chinese Medicine are forever debating the concept and existence of Qi. It is a most simple yet fundamental vital substance, and is often translated as “life force”. Qi flows through all the Jing-Luo (Meridians) to the entire body. The difference between being dead and alive is whether you have Qi or not. Every living thing on earth has Qi, and you can observe the different levels of quality.
The Chinese meaning for Qi is air or gas.
How Can You Quantify The Quality Of Qi?
A beautiful, plump strawberry with a red, shiny texture that is home-grown in your garden is full of Qi. Compare it to a sad whitish-green strawberry grown in winter. It travelled thousands of kilometres. Only to sit in supermarket fridge. This latter strawberry would have little Qi in it. The former would be full of Qi. This is the variance in Qi and its’ quality.
How Does Qi Flow?
Where Qi flows blood follows.
Qi flows through the Twelve Main Meridians throughout every hour of the day. There is even a 24-hour Chinese Medicine Theoretical Clock.
How Does Qi Circulate?
Qi flows from the chest area out to the three arm Yin Meridians (Lung, Pericardium, Heart) to the hands. It then transfers to the three paired arm Yang Meridians (Large Intestine, San Jiao, Small Intestine). It then flows upward to the head. Then Qi connects with the three corresponding leg Yang Meridians (Stomach, Gall Bladder, Bladder). It then flows down the body to the feet. In the feet it connects with the corresponding leg Yin Meridians (Spleen, Liver, Kidney). By flowing back up again to the chest it completes the full cycle of Qi.
What Is Illness According To Chinese Medicine Theory?
If Qi stops flowing, the body cannot perform the Five Cardinal Functions. This is how illness occurs. For example, consider stagnation in the Liver Meridian. Headaches, red eyes and sore ribs are Liver Energy Signs given they occur on the Liver Meridian. Qi Stagnation can occur for many reasons. It may be due to lack of Qi or Blood or from an excess condition due to a pathogenic substance
What is Deficiency & Excess?
Chinese Medicine treatment always aims to redirect the body back into balance. When there is pain, sickness or disease, the body is in imbalance. This is where assessment, diagnosis and consultation achieves this. The Acupuncturist uses her knowledge and understanding of the body. She identifies which Organ Energies/Meridians are out of balance and need treatment. This is why it takes years to study Chinese Medicine. To practice Chinese Medicine you must have the education, experience and understanding. This makes an authentic and effective practitioner.
The body is almost always in either excess or deficiency, or a combination of both. Excess appears when there is too much of a pathogenic substance. Examples include dampness, heat, cold, toxin or the stagnation of Qi and Blood. Deficiency occurs when the body does not have enough of an essential substance such as Qi or Blood.
What Are The Vital Substances?
I discuss the Five Vital Substances that generate vitality and health of a human being:
Qi: Qi is the basic life-force. It flows through the body and nourishes everything inside. Qi travels through the Meridians to communicate to the Organs. Qi provides life and movement to Blood. It keeps us alive.
Blood: Is a denser form of Vital Substance than Qi. Blood connects to Qi and the two cannot be separated from each other. In Chinese language, Blood is called Xue. Qi moves Blood and is the mother of Qi. Blood nourishes the Organs that produce Qi. Blood and Ying (Nutritive Qi) are closely connected. Both Blood and Ying flow together in the Meridians. The Blood functions to nourish the body, moisten body tissues and support the Shen (spirit).
Jin Ye: Refers to the two types of fluids that moisten the body. Jin refers to the clear, thin and light fluids. These fluids circulate the skin, muscles and body exterior by means of Wei (Defensive) Qi by the Lung. The Jin acts to moisten the skin and muscles and thins the Blood to prevent stagnation. Ye are the turbid, thicker and stickier fluids that nourish the body internally. The Spleen and Kidneys control the Ying (Nutritive Qi). The Ye moistens the joints, spine, brain and bone marrow. The Ye acts to lubricate the orifices of the sensory organs such as the ears, eyes, nose and mouth.
Jing: Jing means “essence”. Jing combines both the soul and physical body of a person. The Kidney Energy stores Jing and it is Yin in nature. Jing circulates through the Eight Extraordinary Meridians and is the densest physical matter. Jing plays a significant role in the production of semen, menstrual blood, and bone marrow. Jing regulates the body’s growth and development. It works with Qi to help protect the body from harmful external factors.
Shen: Shen is the Yang portion of Qi. It translates as “spirit” and regulates emotions. The Heart Energy stores Shen and enters a rested state while sleeping. Blood nourishes the Shen and it flows through the blood vessels. Mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression and insomnia manifest as Shen Disturbance. Jing and Qi form the foundation for the Shen.
What Are The Patterns in Chinese Medicine Diagnostics?
There are hundreds! They can be straight patterns or complex in various combinations. Here I discuss two examples.
A patient with weakened Qi presents with:
- poor immunity (catch colds easily)
- weakened digestion (such as flatulence and bloating after meals)
- get short of breath when they exercise.
These are symptoms associated with Qi Deficiency. There is not enough Qi in the body to perform the essential functions of life well.
Another patient may present with an excessive pattern:
- anger and rage
- rib pain
- severe Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS)
This is an excess pattern in the form of Qi Stagnation. Qi is stuck in a particular Meridian, affects an Organ Energy and can no longer flow.
What Is Ben And Biao (Root and Branch)?
Chinese Medicine analyses the unique constitution, presentation and diagnosis of the individual patient. There are a myriad of patterns. There is a famous saying in Chinese Medicine Theory that explains this:
Many diseases, one treatment. One disease, many treatments.
In Chinese Medicine, we always treat the cause (Ben), not just the symptom (Biao) presented. Chinese Medicine is holistic. It works best when you treat the underlying imbalance (Ben) along with the symptom (Biao).
What Are the Six Climactic Factors?
These Factors invade the body to block or disrupt Qi flow. This causes unwanted signs and symptoms. We live in a world where we are exposed to changes in the internal and external environment. This environment is ever-changing, as is our own.
The Characteristics of the Six Climactic Factors
The cause of disease is usually related to seasonal changes in living conditions.
The Six Climatic Factors attack the body. This can happen by a single Climactic Factor or via a combination.
The nature of the Six Climatic Factors allows them to transform.
What Is The History Of Chinese Medicine In New Zealand?
Chinese immigrants brought Chinese Medicine to New Zealand in the 19th century. Did you know Acupuncture was practised only in the Chinese community until the 1970s? Since then, Acupuncture has been largely integrated into New Zealand. It is now incorporated in the ACC scheme. It is also a preferred complimentary medicine by medical doctors. The 2006/2007 New Zealand Health Survey established that Kiwis love natural medicine. One in five people who sought treatment had seen an Acupuncturist in the past 12 months.
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